Free estimates and inspections!

Six Important Parts of a Roof

When you think of “roof”, you probably think of shingles. There’s more to a roof, roof maintenance, and roofing repair than just shingles. Let’s take a look.

Roof Deck Protection

Roof deck protection is extremely important to the longevity of your roof.  This layer of roofing material is hidden by shingles, and except for when it’s first installed, you’ll never see it. Don’t overlook it, though! Roof deck protection provides an additional layer between your roofing shingles and the roof deck, preventing weather damage while still allowing the product to breath. This material can be made from natural or synthetic elements and will help to create a better looking, longer lasting roof.

Starter Strip Shingles

Starter strip shingles are used as a starting point in the roofing process, and you’ll see them along the lowest edge of the roof. These shingles are a little different from regular shingles; they’re made with a special tar strip on the bottom that helps to hold down the edges of the roof, preventing shingle blow-off. Without these special starter strip shingles, your roof will not have an effective seal, and you run the risk of wind damage.

Leak Barrier

A leak barrier is a device, often reinforced by fiberglass, that is strategically placed on the areas of your roof that are most susceptible to leaking. These areas include eaves, valleys, rakes and chimney perimeters. Without leak barriers protecting the vulnerable spots of your roof, water can leak through and cause damage to the interior of your home.

Quality Shingles

Ah! Here they are! Shingles are the most visible part of your roof. When most people talk about roofing materials, shingles get the most (sometimes only) thought and consideration because they contribute so much to the attractiveness of the house exterior. Along with visual appeal, shingles play an important role in roof function. Shingles come in sheets, and they are installed overlapping each other to keep out water. The most popular choice for a quality roofing shingle is asphalt, due to its waterproof properties. Asphalt shingles are made of fiberglass with asphalt and ceramic granules. On average, shingles can last 20 to 30 years, depending on style, climate and weather conditions. It’s important to replace shingles at the end of their lifespan. You’ll recognize old shingles by their curled edges, and you’ll notice asphalt or ceramic granules starting to collect in your eaves.  Left unattended for too long, old shingles can lead to exposed nail heads, rotting roof materials, and moisture damage to the ceilings and the paint inside your home.

Attic Ventilation

An attic ventilation system at the peak of your roof is essential to reducing damage from heat and moisture that seeps through the ceilings in your living spaces into your attic. Proper ventilation also helps reduce the load on your AC unit, promoting energy efficiency in the summer. By keeping your attic ventilated and dry, you reduce risk of ice dam formation in the winter. If your attic is not properly ventilated, excess heat and condensation can cause severe damage to your attic framework, the attic insulation, the roof and roofing materials.

Ridge-Cap Shingles

Ridge-Cap shingles are specially designed to protect the attic peak ventilation areas. They also add depth, dimension and texture to your roof line and rakes. This is the final step in the roofing installation process. It may be tempting to cut regular shingles into pieces to cover the ridge cap. However, regular shingles are not designed for this, and they can crack or break eventually causing leaks and water damage to your home.

Now that you know more about the parts of your roof, you can make better informed decisions when you need to repair or replace any or all of its parts. When that time comes, call the professional roofing experts at A Custom To, LLC.